Himalayas

The Himalayas or “abode of snow” is in fact the youngest and highest mountain system in the world. It extends over 2,400kms as a vast south-facing area between the Indus and Brahmaputra rivers with Nanga Parbat (8,125m) and Namcha Barwa (7,755m) as its terminal high points. Fully a third of 800kms of its central section traverses Nepal and is known as the Nepal Himalayas, Here congregate more than 250 peaks that exceed 6,000m in height-a unique concentration of lofty dazzling summits. Of the thirty one Himalayan peaks over 7,600m, twenty-two like in Nepal Himalayas including eight of the world’s fourteen highest giants. These are:

Everest 8,844m Kanchenjunga 8,586m Lhotse 8,516m Makalu 8,462m
Cho Oyu 8,201m Dhaulagiri 8,167m Manaslu 8,163m Annapurna 8,091m

 
The Himalayan range within Nepal fits into a geographic pattern as the culmination of a series of parallel ranges. The main mountain region, represented by the eternal ranges, lies about 90kms north of the Mahabharat Lekh. The intervening space between the two parallel ranges is made up of the lower belt of the low hills (Pahar) and the higher belt of elevated ridges (Lekh) that provide the first intimation of the high snow continuous range but rather a chain of lofty ridges separated by deep gorges. Each of these mountain chains or Himals in turn sends out a maze of spurs studded with numerous peaks.

In the western and central Nepal, there is yet another mountain range that defines the boundary between Nepal and China. This border range has elevations ranging from 5,000 to 6,000m with comparatively less rugged relief but a harsh climate. Between the main Himalayan range and these border ranges lie some of the elevated Bhot Valleys.

Much of the high country above 5,000m is under the realm of snow and ice although the permanent snow line may vary according to aspect and gradient. Winter snowfall occurs up to an elevation of 2,000m and is much heavier in the western part. While winter is harsh and bitter, summer is the season of alpine flowers and is the time of the year when the high pastures teem with grazing animals from lower valleys. For the mountain communities, it is the time for harvesting their main crop before their winter migration to warmer climates.

Highest peaks in Nepal

There are 1,310 peaks above 6000 meters of which 238 are open for climbing. The following are Nepalese peaks over 8000m in height and open for climbing:
Mt. Everest (8,848m),. Kanchenjunga (8,586m), Lhotse (8,516m), Makalu (8,463m), Cho Oyu (8,201m), Dhaulagiri (8,167m), Manaslu (8,163m) and Annapurna (8,091m).

Mountain of Nepal and its height. All the height of mountain below are scale in meter.

KHUMBU and MAKALU REGION

Mt.Everest 8848 Kangchungtse(MakaluⅡ) 7678
Lhotse 8516 Cho Aui 7352
Makalu 8463 Chamlang 7319
Cho Oyu 8201 Pumo Ri 7161
Gyachung Kang 7952 Baruntse 7129
Nuptse 7855 Ama Dablam 6812
Ngojumba Kang 7743

KANGCHENJUNGA REGION

kangchenjunga 8586 Tent Peak 7365
kangchenjunga west 8505 Kabru North 7353
Kangbachen 7902 Kabru South 7317
Jannu 7710 The Twins 7350
Jongsang Peak 7483 Talung Peak 7349

JUGAL HIMAL

Lenpo Gang 6979 Phurbi Chyachu 6637
Dorje Lakpa 6986 Langshisa Ri 6427
Gur Karpo Ri 6874 Ganchempo 6387

DHAULAGIRI HIMAL

DhaulagiriⅠ 8167 DhaulagiriⅤ 7618
DhaulagiriⅡ 7751 DhaulagiriⅥ 7268
DhaulagiriⅢ 7715 Churen Himal 7371
Dhaulagiri Ⅳ 7661 Putha Hiumchuli 7246

MANSLU REGION

Manmaslu 8163 Ngadichuli 7871
himalchuli north 7371 Manaslu north 7157
Himalchuli west 7540 Himlung Himal 7126
Himalchuli east 7893

GANESH HIMAL

Ganesh Himal Ⅰ 7429 Ganesh Himal Ⅴ 6986
Ganesh Himal Ⅱ 7161 Ganesh Himal Ⅵ 6480
Ganesh Himal Ⅲ(salasungo) 7110 Ganesh Himal Ⅶ 6350
Ganesh Himal Ⅳ 7052

ANNAPURNA HIMAL

Annapurna 8091 Tarke Kang 7193
Annapurna 7937 Tilitso Peak 7134
Varaha Sikhar 7647 Nilgiri north 7061
Annapurna 7555 Khatung Kang 6484
Annapurna 7525 Lamjung Himal 6983
Kangshar Kang 7485 Ghundanb 6584
Gangapurna 7455 Yakawa Kang 6482
Annapurna south 7225 Patal Hiumchuli 6441
Machhapuchhare 6993

LANGTANG HIMAL

Langtang Lirung 7225 Langtang Ri 7205
Kyungka Ri 6970 Shalbachum 6918
Pemthang Ri 6842

WEST NEPAL

Api 7132 Saipal 7031
Kanjiroba Himal 6883 Jethi Bahurani 6850
Bobye 6808

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Message from the Ambassador

    dr.madan_k.BhattaraiNepal and Japan have been enjoying excellent relations since the establishment of diplomatic relations in 1956. The people to people contact goes back to 1899 when a Japanese monk, Ekai Kawaguchi, visited Nepal to pursue Buddhism. Kawaguchi visited Nepal three times. Similarly, Nepal sent eight students to Japan in 1902 for higher studies. Since then, thousands of Nepalese and Japanese have visited each other`s country Read More >>>
 

Nepal Japan Friendship

    By virtue of their common Asian heritage, there is a strong cultural link between the people of Nepal and Japan. Asian values are deeply rooted in the society and people in both countries. Although Nepal and Japan are geographically distant, a spiritual bond has existed since the introduction of Buddhism to Japan in the 6th century. Long before official contact between the two countries, the people of Nepal and Japan established links and friend Read More >>>
 

History of Nepal

    The recorded history of Nepal is centered on the Kathmandu valley and begins with the Kirantis who are said to have ruled for many centuries beginning from the 7th or 8th Century B.C. with their famous King Yalumber who is even mentioned in the epic, ‘Mahabharata’. The Gopalas who were herdsmen are believed to have ruled before the Read More >>>



Geography of Nepal

    Within a short distance, Nepal’s topography changes from the alluvial Gangetic plains suitable for agriculture to the frozen wastes of the Himalayan mountains. Between the two extremes lie the middle hills and the lesser mountains consisting of the Churia range and the Mahabharat lek as they are known. There are several inner Himalayan valleys with desert Read More >>>